The story "The Wonderful Wizard of Oz"chronicles the adventures of a young farm girl named Dorothy in the magical Land of Oz, after she and her pet dog Toto are swept away from their Kansas home by a cyclone. The novel first published in May 1900 is one of the best-known stories in American literature.

It has since been reprinted on numerous occasions, most often under the title "The Wizard of Oz", which is the title of the Broadway musical as well as the 1939 musical film.